I had always thought the Peacock Throne was the seat of the Persian King, one that Reza Shah Pahlavi once pride over. I was in school then and I remembered that very well. Surprise, surprise, the Peacock Throne was originally the seat of the Mughal Emperors of India. It was first commissioned by Shah Jahan in early 17th century not only to display the royal gold and jewels accumulated since the time of Tamerlene, but also to underscore his position...floating above the ground closer to heaven. It took 7 years to build and cost twice as much as the Taj Mahal. At the top were two peacocks. Both the Taj Mahal and the Peacock Throne were designed by Austin de Bordeaux
|The Peacock Throne|
History tells that 7 Mughal Emperor hence, in 1739 during the rule of Muhammad Shah, the Peacock Throne was captured by the Persian King Nader Shah as a war trophy. Other riches of the Mughals were looted of course. It is believed that Nader Shah captured several other thrones as well and upon his return to Persia, built other replicas with the looted jewels and gems. Unfortunately, 8 years later Nader Shah was assassinated by his officers and the Peacock Throne and others disappeared, probably dismantled and the encrusted jewels taken apart.
The Sun Throne, was built in the early 19th century for the Persian King Fath-Ali Shah of the Qajar Dynasty. His consort's name in English translates as Lady Peacock which is how this throne later gets to be referred to as The Peacock Throne.
|The Sun (Peacock) Throne|
Some claimed that parts from the original Peacock Throne have been used.
The Peacock exist in Greek mythology as the bird Hera made. The tail was made from the 100 eyes of Argus. During biblical times it is regarded as a treasure and King Solomon brought many back to his Kingdom. To the Romans, practical as they were, regarded it as a delicacy. In Babylon and Persia, it is the guardian to royalty. Early Christians regarded it as a religious symbol, an all-seeing eyes, while the Indians, sacred and associate it with the deity, Lakshmi. It is also India's national bird. Yet, in some culture and society it is regarded as evil. It's tail is equivalent to evil eyes and is therefore bad luck to be inside homes.
|An Indian Peacock|
So, what is with Peacock Angel?
An ancient faith believes that the Peacock Angel (Tausi Melek) was created by the Supreme God on a Sunday and each of the other days six other Great Angels to help administer the universe. He was sent down to the young Earth then to calm the quakings ......this he did in the form of the peacock (hence it's name ?) and said to have landed in Lalish in Iraq, sacredly regarded by the Yazidis.
Next when Adam was created each of the angels endowed him with a physical sense to experience life. It is said that Peacock Angel breath life into Adam.
Peacock Angel is manifested in various faiths,/religions and culture and regarded with respect. However, those who thought it's similarity to the story of Satan is uncanny, might have distant themselves.